CDS Extracts


Joseph Bain was born in Tranent, East Lothian, in 1826. He was educated at the University of Glasgow, where he was a student in 1842. After completing his studies, he worked as a writer in Glasgow for a number of years but later returned to study, attending the University of Edinburgh where he studied Law. He married and lived in Edinburgh till 1871, when he moved to Devon and then to London in 1881. Joseph, now in his 50s. was working in the Public Record Office there, where he became acknowledged as an Authority on Scottish History as a result of writing or editing a number of books that summarised the public records of Scotland. By 1901, Joseph had retired and was living in St David's, Pembrokeshire, Wales. He died in 1911 at the age of 85.

The extracts below, in which Sir William Wallace is mentioned, are taken from the 'Calendar of Documents Relating to Scotland - Volume 2', transcribed by Joseph Bain and published in 1884, and a couple more from the Supplementary Volume published between 1964 and 1970. They are of historical interest to Wallace devotees, and show just how much attention that Edward I paid to Wallace, despite all the later down-playing of the man and his deeds.

Entries are, in the main, from Volume 2, except where indicated.

November 3rd, 1292
Pleas before Hugh de Cressingham, William de Ormesby, John Wogan, Master John Lovel, and William de Mortimer, justices itinerant at Carlisle, on the morrow of All Souls in the King's 20th year.
William le Waleys who had a writ of novel disseisin against Adam son of Alan of Ulvesby and John son of Adam le Waleys as to a tenement in Ulvesby, asked leave and was allowed to withdraw.
Amerced. No pledges as it was by oath. [m. 1.]

I am not sure that this is specifically relevant but included anyway.... Ulvesby is the village of Ousby in Cumberland. From legal terms - If the land held by a disseisor was claimed by an heir of the original owner in seisin, the heir could bring a similar legal action known as the assize of mort d’ancestor. I don't think that this refers to our William, although the names Adam and Alan de Waleys do appear in records of Ayrshire during the period in question. It is not known if they tenanted lands in Cumbria at any time.

August 8th, 1296
Gaol delivery at St John of Perth, on Wednesday next before St Laurence (8th August).
Matthew of York, accused by Cristiana of St John, of robbery, viz. on Thursday next before St Botulph's day, he came to her house at Perth in company of a thief one William le Waleys, and there by force took her goods and chattels, viz., beer, to the value of 35., replies that he is a clerk and not bound to answer. The jury find the charge proved, and he is adjudged to penitence. [in. 6, d.]

July 23rd, 1297
Letter from Sir Hugh de Cressingham(?), to the K. relating his doings at Berwick and elsewhere, and the submission of the Scots to Percy and Clifford ; but that Wallace still holds out in Selkirk Forest. Berwick. [Tower Miscellaneous Rolls, No. 474.]
Mutilated — upper right hand corner gone.

August 20, 1299
Letter by Robert Hastangis to the K. He reports the late inroad by the Scots under Sir Ingram de Umfraville, Sir William de Balliol and others, on Selkirk forest, in Sir Simon Fraser's custody – the meeting there of the Bishop of St Andrews, the Earls of Carrick, Buchan, ......, and Menteth, Sir John Comyn 'le fiz,' and the Steward of Scotland — their intention to have attacked Roxburgh — his spy's account of the dissensions among them caused by Sir David de Graham's demand for Sir William Wallace's lands and goods, as he was going abroad without leave — and his brother Sir Malcolm Wallace's objections, when these two knights gave each other the lie, and drew their knives — Sir John Comyn's taking the Earl of Carrick by the throat, and the Earl of Buchan seizing the Bishop of St Andrews - their final agreement that the Bishop of St Andrews, the Earl of Carrick, and Sir John Comyn should be Guardians of the realm, the first having custody of the castles as principal. That on same day [Wednesday previous] they all left Pebbles, the Earl of Carrick and Sir David de Brechin going to Annandale and Galloway, the Earl of Buchan and Comyn to the north of Forth, the Steward and the Earl of Menteth to Clydesdale. The Bishop of St Andrews remains at Stubbowe, Umfraville is made sheriff of Roxburgh, and Sir Robert de Keth warden of Selkirk forest, with 100 barbed horse and 1500 foot besides the foresters, to make raids on the English March ; for which object each lord has left part of his men with Umfraville. Sunday [last] the Morrow of the Assumption of our Lady, the prisoners of Scotland came to Roxburgh; but this day he learned from the enemy that those of England would not arrive at the March till the Decollation of St John [29th August]. Roxburgh, Thursday next after the Assumption of our Lady. Norman French. [Defaced at top.]
[Scots Documents, Public Record Office]

Further information, and a copy of the Letter itself, with full translation, can be found at:


1299 - 1300
Philip K. *of France to his lieges at the Roman court. Commands them to request the Pope's favour for his beloved William le Waleis of Scotland knight, in the matters which he wishes to forward with His Holiness. Monday after All Saints. Pierrefonds.
(Endorsed) 'The fourth letter of the K. of France.' [Royal Letters, No. 1311]

Further information, and a copy of the Letter itself, with full translation, can be found at:


December 30th, 1299 - 1300 (from supplementary volume)
Privy seal writ from King Edward [l] to W[alter Langton] bishop of Chester, treasurer, and to John de Drokenesford, keeper of the wardrobe. He has heard that a knight of Scotland who was of the company of William Wallace [came to ?] Bleyues [Blaye, dep. Gironde], behaving suspiciously, spying out the strength of the place, for which he was arrested. The addressees are to instruct the constable of Blaye, Guillaume Reymon de Gensalz, to have the knight put aboard the first ship for England and sent to Porchester castle under safe guard, to be handed over to the constable there until the king sends orders. A letter to the constable of Porchester under the great seal is to be carried by the knight's escort; meanwhile the king will warn the constable to expect the prisoner, whom he is to guard until the king's further orders are known. Northampton. French. [SC 1/61/32] [The knight was William de Vieuxpont; see vol. ii, nos. 1185, 1203, 1283].

1297 - 1303
The K, by his letters patent grants to his 'chier vadlet Edward de Keith, all goods and chattels of whatever kind he may gain from Monsire Guilliam le Galeys (Wallace) the K.'s enemy, to his own profit and pleasure. Provided however, that if said Edward by chance under colour of this gift takes anything from other people at the K.'s peace, he shall duly answer to those from whom such are taken. [Tower Miscellaneous Rolls, No. 43549.]
No place or date. A draft, slightly mutilated. The surname 'Keith' has been substituted for 'Brus.'

Jan 1303-4
The King's directions as to castles, and conditions as to receiving the Bishop of Glasgow, William le Waleys, Sir David de Graham, Sir Alexander de Lindeseye, and Sir John Comyn. [Dunfermline.]
[Chapter House (ScotsDocuments), Box S, No. 25.]

1445. Conditions to Scotsmen coming to the K.'s peace before, and with, Sir John Comyn. [Dunfermline.] [Chapter House (Scots Documents), Box 100, No. 123.]

1447. It is granted to all who surrender with Sir John Comyn by the 16th of the present February, that they shall save life and limb, imprisonment and disinheritance only. [Dunfermline.] [Chapter House (Scots Documents), Box 5, No. 31.]

March 3rd, 1304
The K. to Sir Alexander de Abirnithyn. Is greatly pleased to hear that he keeps watch at the fords of Forth. On no account is he to desert his post or receive William le Walays and his men to peace, unless they surrender unconditionally. Kinghorn. [Chancery Miscellaneous Rolls, No. 474]

July 25th, 1304
Roll of the Magnates and others at Stirling and elsewhere; and special instructions as to capturing Sir William le Waleys.
[Chapter House {Scots Documents), Box 4, No. 4]

August 18th, 1305
[Trial of Sir William Wallace.]
The K. to William de Hameltone his chancellor. Signifies that he has appointed John de Segrave, Pierres Mallorre, Rauf de Sandwyz, John de Banquelle, and John le Blound his mayor of London, or any three, his justices to deliver his gaol of the Tower of London of William de Waleys according to the law and custom of his realm, and commands letters in their favour under the Great seal.
Raurethe. [Privy Seals {Tower), 33 Edw. I. File 4.]

September 1st, 1305
Inquisition [writ awanting] made at Perth on Wednesday next after the Decollation of St John Baptist, in the K.'s 33rd year, before Malise earl of Stratherne, lieutenant of the warden north of Forth, and Malcolm de Inverpefray knight, deputy of John de Sandale chamberlain, and William de Bevercotes chancellor of Scotland, on certain articles touching the person of Michael de Miggel, by Gilbert de Hay, David de Graham, John de Cambroun, Constantin de Lochor, Edmund de Eamesey, Roger de Mekfen(?), Patrick de Oggelvyle, knights, Eustace de Rothtref, Henry de Fresselay, Malcolm de Kynros, Gregory de Fordale, Thomas de Lethfy, Bernard de Cokerel, William de Balendolaucht, Patrick son of Schirolis, Bethan de Doul, Kenachy his brother, Colin de Mentaghe, Henry de Trody, Adam de Cardene, John Walthop, Henry de Buchfodyr, Maurice son of Malcolm, Adam de Pethilloch, William de Montalt; who say on oath, in Michael's presence, that he had been lately taken prisoner forcibly against his will by William le Waleys; that he escaped once from William for 2 leagues, but was followed and brought back by some armed accomplices of William's, who was firmly resolved to kill him for his flight ; that he escaped another time from said William for 3 leagues or more and was again brought back a prisoner by force with the greatest violence and hardly avoided death at William's hands, had not some accomplices of William entreated for him ; whereon he was told if he tried to get away a third time he should lose his life. Thus it appears he remained with William through fear of death and not of his own will. The Earl, Sir Malcolm, and some of the others append their seals. [Seals lost.]
(Endorsed) ' The chamberlain is commanded to give him his goods 'and chattels, of the K.'s special grace.' [Inq. p. m. 33 Edw. I. No. 265.]

Late 1305
Memoranda as to rewards to those who captured William le Waleys, and land to be given to John de Mentethe. [Much decayed.]
[Chapter House (Scots Documents), Box 100, No. 126.]

November 20th, 1305 - November 19th, 1306 (from supplementary volume)
472. [Extract]

[Account book of John de Drokenesford, keeper of the wardrobe, for receipts and expenses in a.r. 34. 212 fos.]
To Adam Brunyng, who was at the capture of Sir William le Waleys, staying in England for some time in Feb. and Mar. [1306], for his reward (merino) from the king for this capture, and going by the king's order to Scotland for business enjoined to him by the king, [Winchester], 21 Apr. [1306], 100s.

June 8th, 1306
The K. to his dear cousin and liege Aymar de Valence. Has heard by his letters just received, the favour just vouchsafed by God in his affairs in Scotland, for which he expresses his gratitude to God, and to himself and his other good people for their diligence and labours day after day. He desires him to give them thanks on his behalf. Is very much pleased to hear from him that the Bishop of Glasgow is taken, and will soon be sent to him. Charges him particularly by all means to take the Bishop of St Andrews and send him too, for he is as anxious to have his person as that of the other. He understands from many, that the Bishop of St Andrews has done him all the mischief in his power, for though chief of the Guardians of Scotland appointed by him, he has joined his enemies. Desires him to commit the bishop's temporalities beyond the Forth to Sir Henry de Beaumont, along with the custody of the castle of St Andrews, and its temporality and castle ward. Desires him to send news from Scotland as often as possible. Markyate.
Under his privy seal, 18th June, 34th of his reign. [Norman French.] [Chancery Miscellaneous Portfolios, No. 4915.]
Trace of privy seal, red wax, on back.

1307, "Trinity Term"
[Inquiry by the Barons as to the losses of John Sampson when he surrendered Stirling castle in 1299.]
The K. having commanded this by writ dated Dover, 19th July 1305,—John Sampson appeared, and said he held the custody of Scarborough castle under the K.'s commission from 24th April 1292, till 3rd October 1297, at 10/. a year for 5-1/2 years, when the K. committed it to Ralph fitz William. He was then due 25l. Arrears of his fee. On a scrutiny of the rolls, these statements were found correct. He lost in Stirling castle, when he surrendered it by the K.'s order to Gilbert Malerbe a Scottishman, horses, armour, robes, and others to the value of 61l. 13s. lOd. — viz., A bay horse, which cost him 13l. 7s. 8d. was eaten for default of other food ; also a ' ferrant' horse which cost him 8l., and a mare which he bought from Gilbert le Braconer for 1 mark, were eaten ; a ' bausan' horse which cost him 40s., and ridden by Sir William Danant towards the K. for news of the castle and the country, was lost at Lundr'; and a ' liard' [horse] costing him 4 marks, was lost on a Saint Bartholomew's day when William le Waleys came to take away their supplies. He also lost when leaving the castle, 2 ' aketons,' which cost him more than 40s. ; 2 ' gambesouns,' more than 41., with ' cotes armeres,' 1 ' jupel fey tis,' more than 20s. ; a hauberk and a haberchion, price 15 ' soldz' ; a ' pisane' and ' cape de husfc,' cost him 10s. ;' jambers quisez' which cost more than 8s. ; a ' chapel de feer,' price20s. ; a ' chapel de nerfs,' price 40^/. ; gauntlets (gantz de fer), costing him 5s. ; a pair of ' plates,' cost him more than a mark ; a pair of ' treppes,' price 2 marks ; 3 swords, a 'misericord,' and 2 anlaces with ivory handles, price 10s. ; 2 sumpter and 2 hackney saddles, costing him more than 24 ' soldz ;' 2 sacks ' a draps de quir', with ' houces' and appurtenances, price 16 ' soldz' ; a gentleman's bed and all appurtenances, price 53s. 4fZ. ; 2 robes, ' un falding,' price 30s. ; 2 'naps,' 2* touailles' price 6s. Sd. ;' lyngedraps' cut and uncut, price half amark, ' livres, forcers, besas, lanoir, batin,' barriz, mazre potz darreine,'and ' mult des hustilementz come appent a gentil home,' to the value of 26s. 8d. and more; 2 buckles of gold, price 10s.; 11 gold rings, price 22s. ; 2 ' correys de say' mounted with silver, price 10s. ; 3 silk purses, price 3s. ; 10 silver spoons, price 12s. ; a [canvas] ' tente price 33s. 4:d. and 10s. silver at leaving the castle. When Alexander le Convers brought money for robes then wanted, he had 4 valletz 1307. for whose robes John paid the 30s. which came to him for his robe, and 2s. more to these 4 to keep peace. To divers messengers to the K. in England, 12s. ' par treiz eez' ; divers spies, 9d. ; during the truce between Herbert de Morham and the castle, for hay for the cart and other horses, 14s. ; for beef, 16s. ; mutton, 9s. 5d. ; milk, 5s.;butter, 9d. ; cheese, 10s. ; flour, 33s. 6d. ; fish, 16s. ; ' canure' and' lynes' for the crossbow strings, 4s. 5d. [The Barons carefully considering the matter and how John had been maimed in the K.'s service in Scotland, find him entitled besides moneys laid out by him on Scarborough castle, ascertained by a jury, to his arrears and losses ut supra amounting to 149l. 10s. 3d., deducting therefrom 60 marks, the amount of a fine which the K. had assigned to him by writ at Carlisle, of 1st April last ; and appoint him to receive the balance of 109l. 10s. 5d. from the arrears of the papal tenth lately imposed by Boniface VIII., due by the Abbot of St Marys, York.
[Exchequer, Q. R. Memoranda, 34 & 35 Edw. I. m. 50.]

(It would appear from the above that the inhabitants of Stirling Castle were reduced to eating their horses during the siege of 1299, a not uncommon occurrence at the time...)


“Calendar of Documents relating to Scotland, Volume 2 (1272-1307)” by Joseph Bain, H.M. General Register House, Edinburgh, 1884

"Calendar Of Documents Relating to Scotland Preserved In The Public Record Office and British Library, Volume Five (Supplementary) [1964 To 1970]" by Grant G. Simpson M.A., Ph.D. and James D. Galbraith M.A., MLitt. accessed 11th December 2020


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